Occupational Health and Safety Act

The Occupational Health and Safety Act are supported by subordinate legislation, Regulations and Codes of Practice, which give practical guidelines on how to manage health and safety issues.

Scope of Work

Creating, enacting, and updating job safety programmes for employees that encompass government health and safety regulations as well as company standards for safety in the workplace. Training employees on the importance of health and safety on the job.

Under the Act we all have obligations that we must comply with. Twenty one sets of regulations form an inseparable part of the Occupational Health and Safety Act.

These regulations provide specifications and requirements towards the area that they govern.

The below mentioned information provides a summary of the current OHS Act regulations.

Health related regulations

Asbestos Regulations, 2001

Scope of application

These Regulations shall apply to every employer and self-employed person who carries out work at a workplace that may expose any person to asbestos dust at that workplace.

Regulations

  1. Notification of asbestos work
  2. Exposure to asbestos
  3. Information and training
  4. Duties of persons who may be exposed
  5. Assessment of potential exposure
  6. Air monitoring
  7. Medical surveillance
  8. Respirator zone
  9. Control of exposure to asbestos
  10. Cleanliness of premises and plant
  11. Control of exposure to asbestos of persons other than employees
  12. Asbestos that forms part of structure of workplace, building, plant or premises
  13. Asbestos cement sheeting and related products
  14. Records
  15. Personal protective equipment and facilities
  16. Maintenance of control measures
  17. labelling, packaging, transportation and storage
  18. Disposal of asbestos
  19. Demolition
  20. Prohibition

Hazardous Biological Agent Regulations, 2001

Scope of application

These regulations shall apply to every employer and self-employed person at a workplace where:

a) HBA is deliberately produced, processed, used, handled, stored or transported; or

b) an incident, for which an indicative list is given in Annexure A to this Regulation occurs that does not involve a deliberate intention to work with a HBA but may result in persons being exposed to HBA in the performance of his or her work.

Regulations

  1. Classification of biological agents
  2. Information and training
  3. Duties of persons who might be exposed to HBA
  4. Risk assessment by employer or self-employed person
  5. Monitoring exposure at workplace
  6. Medical surveillance
  7. Records
  8. Control of exposure to HBA
  9. Personal protective equipment and facilities
  10. Maintenance of control measures, equipment and facilities
  11. Prohibitions
  12. labelling, packaging, transporting and storage
  13. Special measures for health and veterinary isolation facilities
  14. Special measures for laboratories, animal rooms and industrial processes
  15. Disposal of HBA

Hazardous Chemical Substances Regulations, 1995

Scope of application

These regulations shall apply to an employer or a self-employed person who carries out work at a workplace which may expose any person to the intake of an HCS at the workplace.

Regulations

  1. Information and training
  2. Duties of persons who may be exposed to hazardous chemical substances
  3. Assessment of potential exposure
  4. Air monitoring
  5. Medical surveillance
  6. Respirator zone
  7. Records
  8. Handling of hazardous chemical substances
  9. Control of exposure to HCS
  10. Personal protective equipment and facilities
  11. Maintenance of control measures
  12. Prohibitions
  13. Labelling, packaging, transportation and storage
  14. Disposal of hazardous chemical substances

Lead Regulations, 2001

Scope of application

These regulations shall apply to every employer and self- employed person at a workplace where lead is produced, processed, used, handled or stored in a form in which it can be inhaled, ingested or absorbed by any person in that workplace.

Regulations

  1. Exposure to airborne lead
  2. Information and training
  3. Duties of persons who may be exposed
  4. Assessment of potential exposure
  5. Air monitoring
  6. Medical surveillance
  7. Respirator zone
  8. Records
  9. Control of exposure to lead
  10. Personal protective equipment and facilities
  11. Cleanliness of premises and plant
  12. Maintenance of control measures
  13. Prohibitions
  14. labelling, packaging, transportation and storage
  15. Disposal of lead waste

Noise Induced Hearing Loss Regulation, 2003

Scope of application

These regulations shall apply to an employer or self-employed person who, at any workplace under his or her control, carries out work that may expose any person at that workplace to noise at or above the noise-rating limit.

Regulations

      1. Exposure to noise
      2. Information and training
      3. Duties of persons who may be exposed to noise
      4. Assessment of potential noise exposure
      5. Noise monitoring
      6. Medical surveillance
      7. Noise zone
      8. Control of noise exposure
      9. Record
      10. Hearing protective equipment
      11. Maintenance of control measures

General regulations

Environmental Regulations for Workplaces, 1987

Scope of application

These regulations in general refers to the physical conditions of the work environment.

Regulations

  1. Thermal requirements
  2. Lighting
  3. Windows
  4. Ventilation
  5. Housekeeping
  6. Precautions against flooding
  7. Fire precautions and means of egress

Facilities Regulations, 1990

Scope of application

These regulations in general refers to sanitary facilities, toilets, bathrooms, showers, dining facilities, drinking water, certain prohibitions as well as the conditions of these facilities that forms part of the work environment

Regulations

  1. Sanitation
  2. Facilities for safekeeping
  3. Change-rooms
  4. Dining-rooms
  5. Prohibition
  6. Drinking water
  7. Seats
  8. Condition of room and facilities

General Health and Safety Regulations, 1986

Scope of application

These regulations refer to general health and safety matters or requirements set for the work environment.

Regulations

  1. Personal protective equipment and facilities
  2. Intoxication
  3. Display of substituted notices and signs
  4. Admittance of persons
  5. First aid, emergency equipment, and procedures
  6. Use and storage of flammable liquids
  7. Work in confined spaces
  8. Work in elevated positions
  9. Working in danger of engulfment
  10. Stacking of articles
  11. Welding, flame cutting, soldering and similar operations
  12. Operating trains
  13. Ladders
  14. Ramps

General Administrative Regulations, 2003

Scope of application

These regulations in general refers to sanitary facilities, toilets, bathrooms, showers, dining facilities, drinking water, certain prohibitions as well as the conditions of these facilities that forms part of the work environment

Regulations

  1. Access to premises
  2. Exemption
  3. Copy of the Act
  4. Health and safety committee
  5. Negotiations and consultations before designation of health and safety representatives
  6. Designation of health and safety representatives
  7. Recording and investigation of incidents
  8. Witness at inquiry
  9. Returns

Electrical regulations

Electrical Installation Regulations, 2009

Scope of application

These Regulations shall apply to every user or lesser of an electrical installation as well as Approved inspection authorities.

Regulations

  1. Responsibility for electrical installations
  2. Approved inspection authorities for electrical installations
  3. Functions of approved inspection authorities for electrical installations
  4. Design and construction
  5. Electrical contractor
  6. Certificate of compliance
  7. Commencement and permission to connect installation work
  8. Issuing of certificate of compliance
  9. Disputes
  10. Application for registration as a registered person
  11. Withdrawal of registration and approval
  12. Substitution of lost, damaged or destroyed certificate
  13. Fees payable

Electrical Machinery Regulations, 1988

Scope of application

These Regulations shall apply to every employer, employee and self-employed person who carries out work whilst using electrical machinery at a workplace.

Regulations

  1. Safety equipment
  2. Work on disconnected electrical machinery
  3. Notices
  4. Switch and transformer premises
  5. Electrical control gear
  6. Switchboards
  7. Electrical machinery in hazardous locations
  8. Portable electric tools
  9. Portable electric lights
  10. Electric fences
  11. Inspection Authorities
  12. Earthing
  13. Supports
  14. Clearances of power lines
  15. Protective Supports
  16. Insulators and Fittings
  17. Conductors
  18. Overhead service connections and overhead service conductors
  19. Crossings
  20. Bare conductors on premises
  21. Schemes to be submitted to the Postmaster General

Machinery regulations

Driven Machinery Regulations ,1988

Scope of application

These Regulations shall apply to every employer, employee and self-employed person who carries out work whilst using driven machinery at a workplace

Regulations

  1. Revolving Machinery
  2. Circular Saws
  3. Band Saws and Band Knives
  4. Wood Planning Machines
  5. Wood Moulding and Mortising Machines
  6. Sanding Machines
  7. Grinding Machines
  8. Shears, Guillotines, Presses
  9. Slitting Machines
  10. Mixing, Agitating and Similar Machines
  11. Rolls and Calendars
  12. Washing Machines, Centrifugal Extractors, Etc
  13. Air Compressors
  14. Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Installations
  15. Transportation Plants
  16. Goods Hoists
  17. Lifting Machines and Lifting Tackle
  18. Builder’s Hoists
  19. Explosive Powered Tools

General Machinery Regulations, 1988

Scope of application

These Regulations shall apply to every employer, employee and self-employed person who carries out work whilst using machinery at a workplace.

Regulations

  1. Supervision of machinery
  2. Safeguarding of machinery
  3. Operation of machinery
  4. Working on moving or electrically alive machinery
  5. Devices to start and stop machinery
  6. Reporting of incidents in connection with machinery
  7. Notifiable substances
  8. Information regarding regulations

Lift, Escalator and Passenger Conveyor Regulations, 1994

Scope of application

These Regulations shall apply to every employer and self-employed who installs, uses and have lifts, escalators and passenger conveyors in their workplace.

Regulations

  1. Permission to install and use
  2. Design and Construction
  3. Particulars of lifts, escalators or passenger conveyors
  4. Inspections and Tests
  5. Maintenance
  6. Record keeping

Pressure Equipment Regulations, 2009

Scope of application

These regulations shall apply to the design, manufacture, operation, repair, modification, maintenance, inspection and testing of pressure equipment with a design pressure equal to or greater than 50 kPa, in terms of the relevant health and safety standard incorporated into these Regulations.

Regulations

  1. General Requirements
  2. Duties of manufactures
  3. Duties of importers and sellers
  4. Duties of users
  5. Approved and duties of approved inspections authorities.
  6. Registration of steam generator
  7. Pressure equipment marking
  8. Pressure safety accessories
  9. Inspection and test
  10. Risk based inspection
  11. Repairs and modifications
  12. Records
  13. Access
  14. Door interlocks
  15. Gas reticulation equipment and systems
  16. Transportable gas containers
  17. Fire extinguishers

Specific regulations

Regulations concerning the Certificate of Competency, 1990

Scope of application

Certificate of Competency: A certificate of competency as a mechanical or electrical engineer. Certificate will be issued by Chief Inspector with the recommendations of the Commission of Examiners

Regulations

  1. Issue of Certificates
  2. Suspension or cancellation of Certificates
  3. Substitution of lost, damaged or destroyed Certificates
  4. Commission of Examiners
  5. Qualifying examination
  6. Acceptance as candidate

Construction Regulations, 2014

Scope of application

These regulations apply to all persons involved in construction work. Regulations 3 and 5 are not applicable where the construction work carried out is in relation to a single storey dwelling for a client who intends to reside in such dwelling upon completion thereof.

Regulations

  1. Application for Construction Work Permit
  2. Application for a permit to perform construction work.
  3. Duties of client
  4. Duties of Designer
  5. Duties of Principal Contractor and Contractor
  6. Management and Supervision of Construction Work
  7. Risk Assessment for Construction Work
  8. Fall Protection
  9. Structures
  10. Temporary works
  11. Excavation
  12. Demolition work
  13. Tunnelling
  14. Scaffolding
  15. Suspended platforms
  16. Rope Access Work
  17. Material hoists
  18. Bulk mixing plant
  19. Explosive Actuated Fastening Device
  20. Cranes
  21. Construction vehicles and mobile plant
  22. Electrical installations and machinery on construction sites
  23. Use and temporary storage of flammable liquids on construction sites
  24. Water environments
  25. Housekeeping and general safeguarding on construction sites
  26. Stacking and storage on construction sites
  27. Fire precautions on construction sites
  28. Construction employees’ facilities
  29. Construction health and safety technical committees
  30. Approved Inspection Authorities

Diving Regulations, 2001

Scope of application

These regulations basically shall apply to all diving operations and all persons engaged in diving operations in the Republic of South Africa or the territorial waters thereof.

Regulations

  1. Training of divers
  2. Designated medical practitioners, medical examinations and medical certificates of fitness
  3. Diving supervisor
  4. Operations manual
  5. Control of diving operations
  6. Decompression
  7. Compression chambers and bells
  8. Plant and equipment
  9. Council for Diving
  10. Rules, syllabi and examinations
  11. Registration as learner diver
  12. Registration as a diver
  13. Registration as a diving supervisor
  14. Applications
  15. Withdrawal of certificate of registration
  16. Fees payable

Explosives Regulations, 2003

Scope of application

These regulations shall apply to any employer, self-employed person or user who operates an explosives workplace for the purpose of manufacturing, testing, storing or using explosives.

Regulations

  1. Classification of explosives for manufacturing
  2. Licensing of explosives workplaces
  3. Non-detonatable and non-sensitised explosives
  4. Danger area
  5. Danger buildings
  6. Safeguarding of explosives workplace
  7. Design, construction and manufacture
  8. Importation of explosives
  9. Safety distances
  10. Supervision of explosives workplace
  11. Safe handling of explosives
  12. Emergencies
  13. Incidents
  14. Closure of explosives workplaces
  15. National Explosives Council
  16. Approved inspection authorities
  17. Standards of training

Major Hazard Installation Regulations, 1993

Scope of application

These regulations shall apply to employers, self-employed persons and users, who have on their premises, either permanently or temporarily, a major hazard installation or a quantity of a substance which may pose a risk that could affect the health and safety of employees and the public.

Regulations

  1. Notification of Installation
  2. Temporary Installations
  3. Risk assessment
  4. On-site Emergency Plan
  5. Reporting of risk and emergency occurrences
  6. General Duties of Suppliers
  7. General duties of local government
  8. Closure

Regulations on Hazardous Work by Children in SA, 2010

Scope of application

These regulations is there to prohibit or place conditions upon the work that may be required, expected or permitted to be performed by child workers, and which is not prohibited in terms of any law

Regulations

  1. Risk assessment
  2. Respiratory hazards
  3. Work in elevated position
  4. Lifting of heavy weights
  5. Work in cold environment
  6. Work in hot environment
  7. Work in noisy environment
  8. Power tools and cutting or grinding equipment
  9. Report to department of social development